You can check archived emails on the Gmail home screen by clicking the arrow on the right side of the search bar at the top of the screen, and then clicking the arrow on the left side of the screen that says, 'All emails'. Here you'll be able to browse through your Gmail messages as they were saved at different times.What does archive mean in Gmail?
“Archive” in Gmail (any version of Gmail on any device) means “don’t show in the Inbox”. That’s all it means. Your messages are not on your phone. They’re in your Gmail account on Google’s servers. Your phone is only one of (many) ways you can access them.